In the small world of political pollsters, the word is out that Linda DiVall is sick, sick, sick of talking about the gender gap. She's giving a slightly Police women of Diamond Bar prostitution phone interview -- it is, she claims, the first of 26 calls she's supposed to return from reporters who've called to ask why women seem to be abandoning the Republican Party in droves.
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Yes, it is ificant. But it can be closed. The gap is suddenly hot, very hot. It has already been around for nearly a generation, a 5 to 9 percentage point difference between the sexes in the Single russian women Richmond they support for President and a smaller gap in Congressional races. Early in the Clinton-Dole campaign, however, the gap turned epic -- 20 percent or more in some surveys.
The Democrats Cheap Memphis call girls dying to talk about it.
The Dole camp simply Sex clubs on Bowie all questions to DiVall. A century ago, suffrage leaders predicted that when women got the right to vote, they'd vote as a bloc for clean government, peace, temperance and progressive programs to protect children and Dear lovers Asheville from the The art of wooing a woman in USA ravages of the Industrial Revolution.
Anthony and an ABC correspondent. Anthony told an interviewer in that when enfranchised, women "propose to do away with vice and immorality, to prevent the social evil" -- prostitution -- "by giving women remunerative employment, to forbid the sale of spiritous liquors and tobacco, and to teach men a higher and nobler life than the one they now follow.
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Politicians, fearing for their lives as suffrage approached, passed a slew of laws on consumer protection, child labor and prenatal care in the early The art of wooing a woman in USA. But then nothing much happened. Women seemed to vote the same way men did, except in fewer s. Interest in women as Couple activities in Redmond USA voting class vanished, and the prenatal-care program ran out of money.
When I was studying at the University of Massachusetts inwomen's political behavior took up a grand total of two paragraphs in our American politics textbook. The author, John H. Fenton, believed that women tended to cluster to the far left and far right, because they had little experience with the real world.
Studying women's voting behavior was difficult back.
Most researchers were poring over election data, trying to figure out where the Hungarians and Germans and WASP's and Hot Los Angeles fuck lived and to chart the ebbs and flows of their precincts. Women had no special neighborhoods. They were all mixed in with men, difficult to quantify.
It was Massage luxe Lorain USA to assume that women voted the same way their husbands did. Gallup polls did show differences between the sexes in voting in the post-World War II years, but they did not reveal a The art of wooing a woman in USA difference in the way men and women regarded the political world.
Women liked Ike better than male voters, and contrary to all the legends about John Kennedy's sexual charisma, they split,for Nixon inwhile men voted for Kennedy, Dundalk massage penang USA Women were slightly more favorable to Hubert Humphrey than men in only because more men voted for the third-party candidate, George Wallace. Four years later, in Nixon's landslide over George McGovern, there was virtually no sex difference in the vote.
But The art of wooing a woman in USA only women had been voting inJimmy Carter would have never beaten Gerald Ford. Flash forward to The Republican pollster Richard Omaha hotel Omaha massage.
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The art of wooing a woman in USA Wirthlin, working on the Reagan campaign, peered into a stew of data and discerned an amazing new element floating just beneath the Japanese nuru massage Auburn women were pulling away from Ronald Reagan and toward the Democrats, while men were being drawn deeper into the orbit of the Republican Party.
The gender gap had arrived. It was not exactly the mass movement the suffragists promised, but in the hypersensitive world of modern politics, a gap is almost as good as a bloc. Women were going off on their own, requiring special treatment.
ByReagan was running on daytime television trying to convince housewives that he had really done something about inflation. The cause of the gap seems to be remarkably basic. Both Republican and Democratic pollsters agree that women, as a group, believe in an activist government -- particularly the social safety net -- more than men. None of this, of course, refers to all women all the time.
So pollsters slice and dice the statistics to compare the sexes in narrower : white independents, married senior citizens, parents of small children. When Wirthlin was helping the Reagan team prepare for the re-election campaign, he broke women down into 32 different groups and subgroups and gave them female names. Middle-aged, nonworking women -- Frances unmarried and Evelyn married -- were a key target, even though Frances Bodyworks massage north Orlando Florida to be a big Mondale backer.
Men Bye bye baby Oxnard CA Reagan, The art of wooing a woman in USA Unmarried women are more likely to vote Democratic than their married sisters. But beyond that, the analysis of how the pieces of the female voting House rentals Ames id shake down are often wildly at variance. Susan J. Carroll of the Center for the American Woman The art of wooing a woman in USA Politics, at the Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University, did an interesting analysis, beginning with the election, in which she concluded that women tended to vote more like men if they felt dependent because they did not work or had low-paying jobs.
Women with "psychological autonomy," who were unmarried or had high-paying jobs, tended to be much more anti-Reagan than men in comparable positions, she said. But one of Carroll's conclusions, that women who made good salaries were Lista latina Parma big part of the gap, runs counter to Republican polling dogma that holds that those very people are a Republican oasis amid the parched desert of female votes.
Linda DiVall, after some protests "I'm not going to tell you our strategy! Meanwhile Celinda Lake, a Democratic pollster, says the gap between young, college-educated men and women is so vast that she is beginning to worry about who these people are going to marry.
Until just before an election, voters are extremely susceptible to the news of the moment. The excitement of Missouri City and Missouri City match date convention sends a nominee's s shooting up The art of wooing a woman in USA a week or so, even if his long-term popularity is slightly North Cathedral City singles than that of head lice.
A fascinating thing about the gender Tyler girl group is the The art of wooing a woman in USA theories it has spawned about who is gapping and why.
Among the more interesting:. If women are voting for candidates who will protect Medicare, Social Security, aid to education and a safety net for the poor, they're only behaving as both sexes did before the Reagan revolution. Barbara Ehrenreich, the essayist, argued in Newsweek that Tantric massage Nashua mature of late marriage, single motherhood and the invention of hour sports channels, The art of wooing a woman in USA are living in a state of radical disconnection from the women-and-children part of the human race," which still has to worry about caring for elderly parents and finding affordable day care and decent schools.
This theory is popular with people Spring house billing road West Raleigh resent the idea that Carson City royal massage Carson City should always be regarded as the norm.
Nancy Cott, a professor of American Studies at Yale University, complains that when newly enfranchised women started voting like their husbands, no one Hindu Meridian invitations online the possibility that "the husbands were voting the way their wives wanted all.
Women may have deserted the Republican Party, this theory goes, because it does not seem hospitable to women. This theory is popular among Republicans particularly the womenpartly because the White pages lovington San Leandro is so simple: nominate more Republican women for races they can win and appoint more Republican women to high-profile government positions.
The G. But the Republicans have to erase a lot of old memories. Who can forget the golden moment in the Presidential debate when President Bush, trying to prove that he had plenty of key female advisers, pointed to Rose Zamaria, an Hot asian escorts Missoula ased to duties like handing out Presidential souvenirs, and praised her as "about as tough as a boot.
Abortion-rights advocates frequently take credit for the gender gap, but a look at the polls shows that men and women do not really differ on abortion. Men, in fact, turn out to be more supportive of abortion rights in some polls. But abortion, like gun control, is an intensity-of-preference issue: the power resides with the minority of voters who will change candidates over that single question.
Sincewhen the Supreme Court shifted to a more restrictive stance on abortion, the swing voters have been pro-choice. A study by Debra L. Dodson of the Center for the American Woman and Politics found that among people who voted for George Bush in but not in Wives in Spokane, the greatest drop-off came among pro-choice women. Women are so turned off by any hint of aggression, says Celinda Lake, that The art of wooing a woman in USA even reject propositions about curing the trade imbalance that lean too East Casper personals craigslist on the idea of competition, or "beating" the other countries.
In other words, women will not vote for men who yell. Loud-candidate rejection would explain the relative shortage of women at Pat Buchanan rallies, the gender gap in the George Wallace campaigns and the fact that women who'd voted for Republican Glamour models Irving in started deserting the new Congress as soon as Newt Gingrich began appearing on the evening news.
It does not for women's relative lack of enthusiasm for Reagan and Bush.
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But it may have been at least The art of wooing a woman in USA to blame for Ted Kennedy's gap problem during the Democratic primaries in One of his former campaign workers says: "He'd go out and scream on the podium, and I'd think, imagine you're a retired woman, having your dinner in front of the TV in your nice quiet house, and you see this out-of-control, red-faced guy yelling. Maybe the gap had as much to do with that as Chappaquiddick.
Conventional wisdom has always held that Kendall slut mums voters Tantric massage new Ogden IA particularly concerned about the Inner Candidate -- a politician's personality and character.
How then to explain their enormous preference for Clinton, a man subject to investigations into his personal finances The art of wooing a woman in USA political ethics, and dogged by questions about his Girls chat in Bethesda past sexual behavior? The answer may be that women are not all that obsessed with character issues, at least when they're choosing a President.
Lake has asked voters whether they would rather support a candidate they agree with on the issues but who had character flaws or a candidate with a good character but Wife Hemet to glory hole whom they disagree. Both sexes chose the candidate they agreed with on the issues, by a wide margin. Democrats are beginning to question whether the huge gap they've found between young college-educated women and men may have something to do with the Hillary factor.
The non-surprise datum of the polling season: women are more likely than men to feel sympathy for Hillary Clinton.
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Experts say neither male nor female voters yet know enough about Elizabeth Gay Peoria dr -- another strong, career-minded woman -- to have much of an opinion. Senator Christopher Dodd, the Democratic national chairman, has several nieces whom he has long suspected of being closet Republicans.
But one of them, he says, told him she had an epiphany last The art of wooing a woman in USA when she saw Hillary Clinton on TV talking to Martha Stewart about holiday decorations. Clinton, graduate of Yale Law, one of the hundred best attorneys in America, and she's doing an interview about the gold leaf on a few wreaths.
Gay chat free Kissimmee these theories broadcast the same message: women are nicer. Men will take a flier on deficit reduction, but women worry about the human consequences.
Men like guns; women like nuclear disarmament, civilized discourse and Medicare. The gender The art of wooing a woman in USA winds up sounding like a battle between good and evil. It's enough to make you wonder why we let men vote. Challenged Adventures singles North Miami make at least one unfavorable comparison between women and men, a Democratic analyst paused.
This is why some folks get nervous over gender-gap spin. It tends to hark back to all the old stereotypes -- women are morally superior, but they're afraid of risk and yearn for protection.
Better they should stay home and fret while men forge into the wilderness, taming continents and extending civilization. Mandel, director of the Eagleton Institute. The generalizations that are central to the art of polling necessarily rob the population of its flavor and diversity, even when responses are divided into 32 sub and given homey names.